Overweight or obesity is a medical condition in the form of excess body fat accumulated in such a way that cause adverse health effects, which then lower life expectancy and / or increase health problems. A person is considered to be obese if the body mass index (IMT), ie the size obtained from the weight distribution in kilograms with the square of the height in meters , is more than 30 kg / m2 .
A number of complications can arise due to obesity, even some of which endanger life.Some examples of serious complications include stroke, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, colon cancer, and breast cancer.
In addition to leading to a number of physical health problems, obesity can also cause psychological problems, such as stress, and depression. This psychological problem arises because it usually starts from the self-confidence of obese people who experience changes in body shape.
To find out if your weight including a healthy weight can be done through the method of calculating BMI (body mass index). The formula used in calculating BMI is the body weight in kilograms divided by the height of the body in meters squared (m²). For example if a person’s weight is 66 kilograms and the height is 1.65 meters, then the count is 66 / (1.65 X 1.65) = 24.2. These results fall into the category of healthy or normal weight because it still ranges from 18.5 to 24.9.
If your final BMI count is less than 18.5 then you are considered underweight. Conversely, if the result is more than 24.9 then you are considered overweight. A person is deemed obese if they have an IMT calculation result between 30-39.9. Furthermore, a person is considered to be of extreme obesity if the end result of BMI is above 40.
Causes of obesity
Obesity can occur when we often eat high-calorie foods. Actually eating high-calorie foods is not always a problem as long as it is in accordance with the activities performed every day. However, if we spend more time sitting and not offset by active exercise, the remaining energy from the burning of calories will be stored in the body in the form of fat. Gradually, the buildup of fat will increase and make the body look bigger aka fat.
In addition to the high-calorie foods and lack of exercise, obesity can also occur because:
- Heredity factor (genetic)
- Side effects of medications (antidepressants, antiepileptic drugs, corticosteroids, and diabetes)
- Complications of certain diseases (Cushing’s syndrome and hypothyroidism)
Treatment of obesity
Obesity can be handled alone with the discipline of applying a healthy diet, such as eating foods low in fat and sugar, and exercise regularly. Sports in question does not need to be heavy because the activity goes early, cycling, playing badminton, or swimming is enough, as long as done regularly. It is recommended to exercise 2.5-5 hours per week.
Handling from a doctor can be given if obesity is not successfully overcome despite being disciplined in exercising and applying a healthy diet. Examples of treatment from a doctor is a drug that can reduce the absorption of fat in the digestive tract.
In some cases, obesity will be treated with surgery. Surgery is usually only done if the level of obesity is considered very severe so it is feared can threaten the lives of patients.Operative measures are also considered if efforts to lose weight that has been done for some time still not work.
Keep in mind that weight loss is done by own business takes a short time. Therefore it takes patience to achieve the desired results and commitment to maintain it in the long run.
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